National Institutes of Natural Science, National Institute for Fusion Science
Department of Helical Plasma Research, Fundamental Physics Simulation Research Division

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"Microscopic Effect on Filamentary Coherent Structure Dynamics in Boundary Layer Plasmas"
H. Hasegawa and S. Ishiguro,
Plasma Vol. 1, 6 (2018)

This study has demonstrated kinetic behaviors on the plasma filament propagation with the three-dimensional (3D) Particle-in-Cell (PIC) simulation. When the ion-to-electron temperature ratio Ti / Te is higher, the poloidal symmetry breaking in the filament propagation occurs due to the unbalanced potential structure which arises from the effect of the gyro motion of plasma particles. The poloidal symmetry breaking disturbs the radial propagation of a filament. The ratio between the observed and theoretical radial propagation velocities has a linear relation with the square of the difference between the ion and electron gyro radii.
"Numerical analysis of two-fluid tearing mode instability in a finite aspect ratio cylinder"
A. Ito and J. J. Ramos,
Physics of Plasmas Vol. 25, 012117 (2018)

The two-fluid resistive tearing mode instability in a periodic plasma cylinder of finite aspect ratio is investigated numerically. The real and imaginary parts of the mode growth rate and the eigenfunctions are comparable for parameters such that the cylindrical aspect ratio and two-fluid effects are of order unity.
"Effect of polycrystalline structure on helium plasma irradiation to tungsten materials"
S. Saito, H. Nakamura, S. Yooyen, N. Ashikawa, and K. Katayama,
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics Vol. 57, 01AB06 (2017)

Binary-collision-approximation-based (BCA-based) simulation is performed for the investigation of the effect of polycrystalline structure on the penetration depth, the absorption rate, and the sputtering yield of tungsten materials irradiated by helium plasma. To clarify the possibility of suppressing the generation of helium bubbles in tungsten materials by designing the polycrystalline structure such as grain size, the effect of polycrystalline structure on the helium bubble formation is also investigated.

Fig: Simulation model of helium injection into polycrystalline tungsten with the xyz coordinates of our simulation. 
"Applications of virtual-reality technology to fusion science and engineering"
H.Ohtani and S.Ishiguro,
Proceedings of 36th JSST Annual International Conference on Simulation Technology, 194 (2017)

We have developed a system in which the plasma simulation results are shown together with the experimental observation data in the reactor design data. This system promotes the viewer’s under-standing..

We can seek the efficient assembly and replacement procedures by investigating the component movements including the robot motion in the VR space previously. The VR technology is expected to play an important role in the fusion reactor operation, such as design, construction, and maintenance.
"Development and Verification of the Three-Dimensional Electrostatic Particle Simulation Code for the Study of Blob and Hole Propagation Dynamics"
H. Hasegawa and S. Ishiguro,
Plasma and Fusion Research Vol. 12, 1401044 (2017)

The three-dimensional (3D) electrostatic particle-in-cell (PIC) simulation code for the study of blob and hole propagation dynamics has been developed and verified; (1) the observed relations between the propagation speed and the structure size in the blob and hole simulations are in good agreement with the theoretical relations, (2) the code has reproduced a larger distortion of a hole shape than that of a blob shape as shown in the figure, and (3) the code has shown that the propagation of a blob or a hole is faster without end plates (Such a situation is similar to the detached state).
"Impurity transport caused by
blob and hole propagations"
H. Hasegawa and S. Ishiguro,
Nuclear Fusion Vol. 57, 116008 (2017)

In this study, the dynamics between impurity ions and the blob and hole structures have been investigated with the three-dimensional electrostatic particle-in-cell simulation. The simulations have shown the following facts: (1) The dipolar profile of impurity ion density in the blob / the hole is formed. (2) Such a density profile propagates with the blob/ the hole. (3) The effective radial diffusion coefficient for impurity ions by a single blob / hole is comparable to the Bohm diffusion coefficient (the figure shows impurity ion tranport by a blob).
"Numerical simulations of interchange/tearing instabilities in 2D slab with a numerical model for edge plasma"
H. Miura, L. Zheng, and W. Horton,
Physics of Plasmas Vol. 24, 092111 (2017)

Fig: (a) A schematic view of the current interchange-tearing mode drawn with the magnetic field lines. (b) The contours of mass density in a small computational domain, drawn with a schematic line of the displacement xr. (Copied from Fig.5 of the article.)
"Effective heating of nonadiabatic protons in magnetic reconnection with a guide field"
S. Usami, R. Horiuchi, and H. Ohtani,
Physics of Plasmas Vol. 24, 092101 (2017)

Mechanism of ion heating through magnetic reconnection with a guide magnetic field is investigated by means of electromagnetic particle simulations. Figure (a) shows the spatial profile of the ion temperature and Fig. (b) displays the ion velocity distribution at the boxed area. It is observed that the iontemperature is increased in the downstream, where a ring-like structures of the ion velocity distributions is formed. Therefore, we can see that ions are effectively heated.
"Two-fluid tearing mode instability in cylindrical geometry"
A. Ito and J. J. Ramos,
Physics of Plasmas Vol. 24, 072102 (2017)

The cylindrical dispersion relation for the resistive two-fluid tearing instability shows the dependence of the mode growth rate and real frequency on the ion skin depth, through different regimes that range from the single-fluid MHD limit to the electron MHD limit. The numerically obtained eigenvalues agree very well with the analytic dispersion relation and the agreement improves the smaller the resistivity and the larger the ion skin depth are.
"Two-fluid sub-grid-scale viscosity in nonlinear simulation of ballooning modes in a heliotron device"
H. Miura, F. Hamba, and A. Ito
Nuclear Fusion Vol. 57, 076034 (2017)

A large eddy simulation (LES) approach is introduced to enable the study of the nonlinear growth of ballooning modes in LHD. A model to substitute the influence of scales smaller than the grid size, at sub-grid scale (SGS), and at the scales larger than it - grid scale (GS) - has been developed for LES. The LESs of two-fluid MHD equations with SGS models have successfully reproduced the growth of the ballooning modes in the GS and nonlinear saturation. The introduction of the LES approach has reduced the computational cost drastically.

Fig: Pressure isosurface, contours and streamlines in a two-fluid LES of ballooning modes in LHD, for b0 = 3.6% and Rax = 3.6 m unstable equilibrium.
"Parameter dependence of two-fluid and finite Larmor radius effects on the Rayleigh-Taylor instability in finite beta plasmas"
A. Ito and H. Miura,
Physics of Plasmas Vol. 23, 122123 (2016)

Growth rates of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability as functions of the wavenumber for different MHD models. For the two-fluid MHD model with the FLR term, it is shown that the absence of complete stabilization occurs for the beta different from that for the MHD model with the FLR term, the mode is not always most stable among those for the other models, depending on beta.
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