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Published Paper
"Study of selfconsistent particle flows
in a plasma blob with particleincell simulations"
H. Hasegawa and S. Ishiguro,
Physics of Plasmas Vol.22, 102113 (2015)
In this study, the presence of the spiral current systemcomposed of the
diamagnetic and parallel currents in a blob is confirmed by the particle
simulation without any assumed sheath boundary models (see the left figure).
Furthermore, we have observed that the temperature structure in a blob
is formed by the potential structure (see the electron velocity distributions
in the right figure). 
"Molecular dynamics and Monte Carlo hybrid simulation for fuzzy tungsten
nanostructure formation"
A.M. Ito, A. Takayama, Y. Oda, T. Tamura, R. Kobayashi, T. Hattori, S.
Ogata, N. Ohno, S. Kajita, M. Yajima, Y. Noiri, Y. Yoshimoto, S. Saito,
S. Takamura, T. Murashima, M. Miyamoto and H. Nakamura,
Nuclear Fusion Vol.55, 073013 (2015)
Fuzzy nanostructure on the surface of tungsten materials is generated by
exposure to helium plasma. The formation process of the fuzzy nanostructure
had been successfully reproduced by Molecular Dynamics and MonteCarlo
hybrid (MDMC hybrid) simulation. 
"Effects of trapped electrons on ion reflection in an oblique shock
wave"
M. Toida and J. Inagaki,
Physics of Plasmas Vol.22, 062305 (2015)
A magnetosonic shock wave propagating obliquely to the magnetic field can
trap electrons and accelerate them to ultrarelativistic energies. These
electrons excite multi dimensional fluctuations, which significantly influence
electron motions.
Effects of trapped electrons on ion motions in an oblique shock wave have
been investigated with particle simulations. It is found that the number
of accelerated ions via reflection from the shock front is increased because
of the multidimensional fluctuations excited by the trapped electrons.
The figure shows the phase space plots of ions [(b) 2Ds] and test ions
[(c) 1Dt] which do not feel multidimensional fluctuations. The ions with
v_{x} > v_{sh} are reflected.

"Formation of largescale structures with sharp density gradient through
RayleighTaylor growth in a twodimensional slab under the twofluid and
finite Larmor radius effects"
R. Goto, H. Miura, A. Ito, M. Sato, and T. Hatori,
Physics of Plasmas Vol.22, 032115 (2015)
Density contours in a 2D extended MHD simulation of the RayleighTaylor
instability. It is observed that the secondary KelvinHelmholtztype instability
forms fine wavy structures along the density contours. 
"MultiHierarchy Simulation of Collisionless Driven Reconnection by
RealSpace Decomposition" S. Usami, R. Horiuchi, H. Ohtani, and M. Den,
Journal of Physics: Conference Series Vol.561, 012021 (2014)
Spatial profiles of the magnetic field lines. By means of our multihierarchy simulations, the influence of macroscopic dynamics on microscopic physics of magnetic reconnection is investigated. Dynamical behaviours of reconnection that is, steay reconnection (Fig.(a)) or intermittent reconnection (Fig. (b)) depend sensitively on plasma inflows from the MHD domain. 
"Structure transitions induced by the Hall term in homogeneous and
isotropic
magnetohydrodynamic turbulence"
H. Miura and K. Araki,
Physics of Plasmas Vol.21, 072313 (2014)
Isosurfaces of the enstrophy density (colored) and the current density
(grey) in freely decaying homogeneous and isotropic Hall MHD turbulence
in a simulation of 1024^{3} grid points. 
"Suppression effects of Weibel instability for fast electron divergence"
H. Sakagami, T. Johzaki, T. Taguchi and K. Mima,
EPJ Web of Conference Vol.59, 17016 (2013)
As the growth rate of the Weibel instability is absolutely large, little
suppression effects can be expected even if the background electron temperature
increase to more than 100 keV. This magnetic field does not remain at rest
and shows turbulent behaviors, enhancing the divergence of fast electrons.
To control the location of Bz, punched out targets are introduced, where
many vacuum holes are punched out as shown in left Figure. Background electrons
that carry the return current can only flow in the gaps between holes,
because the sheath field prevents them from crossing over the hole. Thus
stable magnetic fields are induced and grow up to almost ±300 MG, which
are shown in right figure. Fast electrons go forward with a meandering
motion, and reduction of divergence can be expected. Unfortunately, this
structure simultaneously disturbs fast electron propagation, and the fast
electron beam intensity also decreases because the number of electrons
in such energy range is reduced. 
"Development of MultiHierarchy Simulation Model with NonUniform
Space Grids for Collisionless Driven Reconnection"
S. Usami, R. Horiuchi, H. Ohtani, and M. Den,
Physics of Plasmas Vol.20, 061208 (2013)
Multihierarchy simulation result of magnetic reconnection. The left and
right panels display magnetic field lines and fluid velocity vectors. The
multihierarchy model is progressed from the previous model as follows.
First, the boundary condition in the downstream is improved from periodic
to open, thus outflow can go out across the downstream boundary. Furthermore,
nonuniform space grids are adopted in the macro hierarchy so as to calculate
larger region. 

